Roman boy names are captivating and carry a rich history. The Latin language has played a crucial role in our judicial system, and Roman names have become a part of our collective history and experiences. The Italians are known for their meticulousness and attention to detail, which has allowed Roman male names to withstand the test of time.
Each name is carefully crafted with a rhythmic touch, demonstrating genius in its simplicity. Every detail is well-considered and motivated, resulting in beautiful Roman names for boys that endure to this day. Explore the allure of these names and find the perfect one for your little boy.
Table of Contents
- 77 Classic Roman Names for Boys
- Roman Boy Names FAQs
77 Classic Roman Names for Boys
Once you grasp the beauty of Roman boy names, you will appreciate Shakespeare and other literary masters for preserving these classical wonders.
In Greek mythology,Aeneas was the son of Aphrodite and Anchises. Aeneas is said to have broken the heart of Queen Dido of Carthage, which can suggest many things. The pronunciation can prove difficult for some, but Aeneas should go on your shortlist if you’re looking for a rare gem.
Albus is a derivation of the family name Albinus and was originally used as a Roman cognomen or the third name of a Roman citizen. This practice fell away when nicknames became hereditary. Albus is a beautiful short name with a spiritual connotation.
Antony was derived from the Roman family name Antonii. In the 17th-century, the British added a silent “h” to the name, but Americans tend to pronounce the “h” as An-the-ny. Antony is a charming name, with Tony being a popular nickname.
Apollo stems from Greek and Roman mythology, and he was the son of Zeus and Leto. Apollo was the god of archery, art, truth and prophecy, healing, light, spring, poetry, music and dance, and much more. Apollo is a strong-sounding name that is becoming increasingly popular in western countries.
Augustus was a title given to the first Roman Emperor by the Roman Senate and became a given name. Today, Augustus is once again gaining popularity as a distinguished first name for western baby boys but is also notably popular in Slavic countries.
Aurelius is often associated with Marcus Aurelius, a Roman emperor and philosopher who is part of the so-called “Five Good Emperors.” Aurelius is a melodic Roman boy’s name that oozes virtuous qualities and will be a fine choice for your son.
Bernardo has many roots, including Old French and Old German, and the meaning is consistent among all of the different roots. Bernardo is a beautiful masculine name that implies strength – perfect for a baby boy.
Blandus was also originally a cognomen or nickname, which later became a stand-alone Roman boy’s name. If you want a heritage-rich yet unique Roman name for your son, this might be the one.
Brutus of Troy was the founder and first king of Britain. Brutus is associated with power and strength and is more a name given to baby boys during times of war and strife as a form of faith to persevere.
Caius has a serious yet playful tone and is firmly grounded in literature and the Roman Catholic religion. Caius is a stately name, and Cai might become your son’s nickname- an adorable catchy name.
Calix is a unique choice among Roman male names that will fit well with formal introductions. Calix gives rise to the popular nickname “Cal, ” an informal and personal version that’s very relatable.
Carinu does not sound like the typical Roman boy’s name, yet there’s an attractive ring that beckons. If you’re looking for a neutral Roman, Sicilian name without baggage, you’ve just found your diamond in the rough!
Cassius is a famous historic Roman name and features prominently in Shakspearian works. Cassius resonates with softness when pronounced, but the name also carries a firmness that could imply being a conscientious person.
Ciprian is derived from the ancient Greek Kypros or Kyprios and also from the Roman Cyprianus, a reference to natives of Cyprus or the land of cypress trees. In history, Ciprian was a martyr and bishop under the emperor Valerian.
Claudius is believed to have originated from the word “claudus,” meaning “lame, limping, or crippled.” Yet recent history suggests the name was derived from a Sabine name Clausus meaning “shut or closed.” Claudius is also said to stem from the most powerful Roman Patrician family, Claudii, which is more in line with Roman naming practices.
Consus is the Roman god and protector of grain, represented by a grain seed. This ancient Roman name is easy to pronounce and will suit a baby boy born to a family closely linked to the soil and nature.
Cupid is the Roman god of love and the son of Venus and Mars. Cupid possesses powers that cause people to fall deeply in love and is portrayed as a winged, blindfolded boy, armed with a bow and arrows. A baby boy named Cupid will have a big reputation to follow! Perhaps Cupid could also work well as a second or middle name?
Cyrus is an ancient name experiencing a strong revival mostly due to the catchy sound of the name and the “provider” image in the meaning. This is a great name for a baby boy with the charming nickname Cye.
Dennis as an English name originated from the French version, Denys or Denis, which were forms of Dionysius, the Greek god of wine and celebration. In Greek mythology, Dionysius was the son of Zeus. Dennis was highly popular in the 1940s and 50s, and it looks like this feel-good name is slowly making a comeback.
Dominic stems from the late Roman-Italic name Dominicus. Dominic has other culturally unisex variations like Dominika, Dominga, and Dominique. Dominic has a beautiful natural flow, making it easy to pair with a wide range of middle names.
Domitian was the name of the Roman Emperor who ruled in the 1st-century. Domitian has remained a fairly common name in English communities throughout history and is viewed more as an English name than a Roman one.
Drusus was a typical Roman family name, also given as a first name by the Claudia family. It’s believed that a Roman warrior killed a Gallic chieftain named Drausus in single combat. Drusus is possibly derived from a Celtic element meaning “strong.”
Ectorius is a dignified Roman name with a beautiful meaning that speaks to our hopes as parents. The ability to think for oneself and develop creative solutions to problems is as rare as this stunning Roman boy’s name.
Edoardo stems from the Old English “ead,” meaning “wealth, fortune or riches, and “weard,” meaning “guard.” The story of Edoardo represents a small piece of Italian history.
Emilius is derived from the Latin family name Aemilia which originated during the reign of Numa Pompilius, the second king of Rome. The nickname Emil or Emiel has become a stand-alone name with an international sound. So, you have a choice to opt for the original historical name or the shorter modern version of Emilius.
Faunus was the horned Roman god of forests, plains, and fields, a mythological half-human–half-goat creature and was likened to the Greek god Pan. This unusual nature-inspired name will make a unique first name for your son.
Felix was originally a Roman surname but was adopted as a nickname by the Roman Sulla, who believed he was blessed with luck from the gods. In the Bible, Felix was a Roman procurator of Judea. Felix is a charming Roman name steeped in rich history.
Ferdinand was commonly used in early western literary works and appears in our actual history. Fernando is the Portuguese and Spanish versions of Ferdinand. The nickname Ferdi from Ferdinand is also a first name option you can consider.
Francisco was originally Franciscus, a name given to Saint Francis of Assisi by his father after visiting France. From Franciscus came the Spanish and Portuguese form Francisco, a melodic, catchy name that can be shortened to Cisco, if you like.
Giorgio is the Italian version of George, from the Greek Geogios, or “georgos” which means “farmer.” When spoken, Giorgio has that typical Italian melodic sound and will always sound beautiful, fresh, and inviting.
Gordian III (Marcus Antonius Gordianus Pius Augustus) was the youngest Roman Emperor who was 13 years old when he became Emperor in the 1st-century. Gordian is a regal-sounding name that might be the one for you.
Gratian originates from the Roman Gratianus and Latin “gratus,” meaning “grace.” Gratian belonged to a Roman Emperor and is also linked to “Our Lady of Grace,” the virgin Mary in the Catholic religion. The link to divinity makes Gratian a favorable choice as a first name for your son.
Shakespeare created this musical name for a character in The Merchant of Venice. Although not popular outside Italy, this little gem of a name will definitely draw some attention.
Hadrian is famously associated with the Roman emperor by the same name who ordered the construction of Hadrian’s Wall across northern England. Hadrian is a revered historic Roman name that still has prominence in modern times.
Hilarius stems from the Latin word “hilarus,” but the pronunciation is too close to the word “hilarious,” which is often used as a derogatory term to ridicule someone. Yet, there is still potential in the name for a unique variation like Larius.
Jaques is a common Roman surname but also used as a first name, especially in English and French-speaking countries. Jaques is derived from a vernacular form of the Latin and Hebrew name Jacobus.
Jovian is derived from the Latin “lovianus,” and is associated with the majestic awe of Jupiter. Jovian has a happy yet strong ring to it that is unusually attractive.
Julius is both a first name and surname. Made popular through history and Shakspearian works, Julius has spread to many different cultures and is gaining popularity again.
Jupiter was the king of the Roman gods and god of the sky, the equivalent to the Greek god Zeus. Jupiter is a celestial name that resonates with power and strength.
In Roman mythology, Liber is the Roman God of fertility, freedom, and wine. Liber is associated with freedom of speech and the rights attached to coming of age. Liber makes a powerful statement, especially in our contemporary world.
Lorenzo is the Roman version of Laurence. Lorenzo, like many Italian names, is stunningly melodic with great nickname options like Renzo and Enzo. This Roman boy’s name has an international flavor and is a keeper by most standards.
Lucius stems from the Latin word “lux” which relates to “light,” and the Latin verb “lucere” meaning “to shine.” Lucien was one of the few forenames used in ancient Rome and was usually given to boys born at dawn.
Marcellus stems from the Roman god of war, Mars. In typical Roman fashion, Marcellus is a given first name and a surname. This strong-sounding name will inspire and guide your baby son to become a warrior in his own way.
Marcus is related to Mars, the Roman god of war, and was one of a handful of first names used in ancient Roman times. Marcus was a popular gladiator name back then but is considered a charming upstanding name for a baby boy in modern times.
Mars was the god of war and agriculture in Roman mythology and more relatable than Ares, the Greek god of war. Mars could be an excellent first or middle name for your son.
Maximus was a formal Latin title of honor given to successful military commanders and were later used by several early saints. The nickname Max is a popular first name that also radiates fearless might. Maximus Decimus Meridius is the main character in the classic 2000 film Gladiator, played by Russel Crowe.
Mercury is the Roman mythological god of merchants, transporters, and commerce. Mercury was also the messenger between the gods. Planetary names are neutral and are fast becoming an international trend. Mercury is a gorgeous name, and Merc is a flamboyant modern nickname.
Neptune is the Roman god of the sea, equivalent to the Greek god Poseidon. Neptune is the 8th planet in our solar system and is a dreamy celestial name that may take off in our era of growing space travel.
Octavius is derived from Octavus. The name is mostly given to the 8th child in a family or babies born in the 8th month, August. There are many famous and well-known people called Octavius, and there are also some famous fictional characters with this name.
Orlando is the Spanish and Italian form of the Old High German Roland. Orlando has a relaxed tone when spoken and will match just about any surname without the need for a linking middle name.
Otho was the name of a Roman Emperor and originated from the Old German “audaz,” meaning “prosperity, fortune, riches, and wealth.” This is a concise name for the likes of the Romans, but it does stand tall throughout history.
Petran is a beautiful-sounding name for a baby boy and has a meaning fitting the expectation of any parent. Petran can be rounded off with a more common short middle name like James or John.
According to the Romans, Pluto was the god of gold, silver, and other treasures. In modern times Pluto is associated with the dog cartoon character who is sweet-natured. This is another celestial name that may begin to gain popularity as we focus more on space travel.
Pollux is rooted in Greek mythology and was one of the twin sons of Zeus, known for his strength and boxing abilities. The story of the twin brothers personifies brotherly love, which is a virtue that should be an aspiration among siblings.
Priscus belonged to an ancient gladiator who was very famous in Roman times. Priscus ticks all the boxes as a masculine name for a baby boy. Priscilla is the feminine version of Priscus.
Quintillus is a Romanized version of the Latin name Quintus. The sweet-sounding feminine version is Quinta. If you’re looking for something truly unique for your little boy, Quintillus could be a keeper!
Regulus is the name of a star in the constellation Leo and a prominent name in Ancient Rome. The nickname for Regulus is Reggie or Reg, where one is playful and the other serious.
Remus and Romulus are twin brothers in Roman mythology who founded the city of Rome. Remus is a short, bubbly Roman boy who will do fine without a supporting middle name.
Roberto is a Portuguese, Italian, and Spanish version of Robert, derived from the Old High German name Hruodoberht. Roberto is a song on its own, and the meaning amplifies the goodness captured in this incredible Roman boy’s name.
Rogan is an Irish surname derived from O’ Ruadhagain but has since been adopted as a first name. This is another name in support of redheads, which is simply semantics. Rogan is a free-spirited name, and anyone can fly this colorful flag.
Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet placed Romeo in the same basket as Casanova and Cupid, but the name developed its own character. Romeo is synonymous with Rome and the realities of romance. This is a well-crafted Italian name that promises much fun.
Rufus is on the rise in popularity but has always been a prominent name throughout western history. Rufus also features in the Christian faith with several saints named Rufus. Rufus is a striking name that makes a bold statement about owning one’s identity.
Saturn is the oldest and first Roman god who controlled time and agriculture. Saturn is the slowest planet to orbit around the sun like the Roman god of time, and Saturday is named after Saturn. This will be a delightful name choice for your baby boy.
Sergius is the name of a 4th-century Roman officer who was martyred in Syria and is remembered as the patron saint of Christian desert nomads. The name Sergius will be a guiding light and shining example for your son.
Severus is a serious name belonging to early religious martyrs. This rather unusual name bears the reality of life that most of us choose to look past, but there are necessary life lessons that could accompany this regal name.
Sirius is the brightest star in the night sky, which rose in popularity due to the Harry Potter character, Sirius Black. A unique name for a boy who’s sure to bring you loads of happiness the moment he’s born.
The story of the Spartans is a rich life lesson that we are still learning today. Spartacus is a recognized gladiator name for baby boys who need to grow up tough and be able to use their wit more than their physical strength.
Stephano or Stefano dresses the more common name Steven in silk. Stephano is more expressive, and many parents today want names with a bit more flair and pizazz. Stephano can be shortened to the nickname Stef but the original sounds more alluring.
Sylvester is a derivative of the word “silva,” which refers to a “dweller in the wood” and was a typical Roman surname, later used as a first name. Originally a boy-only name, Sylvester is now gender-neutral and still used as a surname.
Tiberius was inspired by the Tiber River as the meaning suggests. Tiberius was an infamous Roman Emperor in the 1st-century, and ties to the geographical area have kept this Roman-crafted name alive. This is an attractive ancient Roman name to consider for your baby boy.
Titus belonged to an ancient Roman emperor mentioned in the New Testament. Titus has also been prominent in history and literature. Titus continues its reign in modern literature, film, and TV series. This is a short yet beautiful Roman name that will make any little boy proud.
Valentino is another example of a stunningly melodic Italian surname come first name. There is also a Spanish influence in the name. Valentino is no longer a stereotypical Italian name but has become international, making this iconic name a perfect choice for your baby boy.
Valerian first belonged to Roman Emperor Valerian in 250 AD. The name is also shared by a flowering plant native to Europe and Asia, used as a form of pain relief. Valerian is a multi-faceted name that should tick many boxes for you.
Vincent stems from the Roman name Vincentius, derived from the Latin word “vincere,” meaning “to conquer.” Vincent has been popular within the Roman Catholic faith for centuries and is now experiencing a new wave of popularity.
Vitus is an unusual option among Roman boy names but has a life-changing meaning. Is every baby not a life-giving gift to the family? If you’re looking for an easy name with a powerful meaning, Vitus is one for your shortlist.
Vulcan was the mythological god of beneficial and hindering fire. This included the fire of volcanos. Pictures of Vulcan depict a masculine figure with a blacksmith’s hammer, which suggests the artistic ability to forge with fire. Vulcan is a clean-cut, manly name for a baby boy.
Zeno stemsfrom the Greek personal name Zenon, an ancient derivative of Zeus, the Greek mythological sky god. Zeno is a lovely short name associated with the sky above, and no changes or nicknames are necessary. Zeno is the ultimate baby boy name that should make your shortlist.
Roman Boy Names FAQs
Roman men had at least two names: the praenomen or first name and the nomen, the principal name, usually ending in “ius.” Many Roman men also had a third name, the cognomen, which was a nickname denoting the branch of their family. Sometimes a second cognomen would be added to show achievement. In essence, Roman names were like a modern-day CV as they presented the individual’s credentials.
Not all Roman names end with “us,” but most do. Adding “us” at the end is the masculine singular in Latin, while the feminine form of the name simply drops the “us” and replaces it with an “a.”
Yes, Roman is a given name and means “citizen of Rome.” In 2020, Roman ranked #77 among the most popular boy names in the United States.